One of the most serious types of heat injury that can also be fatal is Heatstroke. Heat stroke attacks the brain and some internal organs, damages or might even kill them. Heat stroke generally attacks elderly people above the age of 50 but some young and healthy people can also get affected.
Heat stroke occurs when your mild heat illness such as; heat syncope, heat cramps or heat exhaustion progresses into a bigger and unbearable problem. However, it can also take a toll on you even when there is no previous heat-related illness found in you.
Heat stroke occurs when your body is exposed to high temperatures for a long period of time and when you are dehydrated. Due to this, the temperature control system of your body fails to fight against such high temperature.
When the body temperature of a person exceeds 104 degrees Fahrenheit that is 40 degrees Celsius then that person is likely to get a heat stroke attack. The longer this condition is left, the worst it gets. Make sure you know the basic first aid tips so that you help a victim at the time of the attack.
As we all know, the weather in Pakistan is getting warmer and warmer every other year that passes by and there are many people who lose their battle with life due to such harsh weather. Well, there are certain precautionary measures which if followed can prevent the attack of heat stroke and save people’s lives. These precautions include;
1) The most important thing is to wear loose fitting and light colored clothes that allow your body to breath and let your sweat evaporate easily without making you feel exhausted.
2) Drink lots of water or any other fluid throughout the day to keep yourself hydrated and to compensate for the loss of water from your body that occurs in the form of sweat.
3) One of the most common causes of heatstroke is getting suffocated in the car. Make sure you never leave someone in your car because the temperature in a sealed car can rise drastically 7 degrees within 10 minutes. It is not safe at any cost even if your car is parked under a shade.
4) The time between 11 A.M. to 3 P.M. is the peak time of scorching heat during which you should be extra careful and take precautions. If doing so doesn’t seem possible then you should either halt your day time activity or take frequent breaks during work and consume lots of fluid throughout the day.
5) Use a sunscreen or an umbrella while going out in the sun to prevent yourself from getting sunburnt as it could affect the process of your body to cool down.
6) Cool yourself by putting your feet in cold water, putting wet towels around your neck and on the head or by taking showers in cool (not cold) water.
7) Reduce strenuous activities during day time or schedule them for the cooler part of the day.