Since the inception of Pakistan, the relationship between India and Pakistan have been turbulent. The Pakistan India conflict has always been related to the disputed territory of Kashmir, directly or indirectly.
Just recently both the nations were on a brink of war, a war between two atomic powers could have started world war 3. The Pakistan India conflict began when India blamed Pakistan for the death of its soldiers in the region of Pulwan. The militant Islamist group Jaish e Muhammad which is based in Pakistan, claimed responsibility for the attack.
A few days later, the Indian Air force launched strikes against Jaish e Mohammad training camps which were situated in Balakot, Pakistan. The Indian government claimed that they destroyed the infrastructure but no civilians were harmed. The Indian government further claimed that the Jaish e Muhammad were planning to conduct more suicide attacks in India. Pakistan on the other hand denied all such allegations, they denied the damage that the airstrikes had done and also that Pakistan was planning any further attacks.
Pakistan then shot down an Indian air force fighter jet that has crossed the LOC line in the Indian held Kashmir while another jet was shot down in Pakistan and the pilot was captured. An uproar arose all over social media as both the nations fought over the destiny of the captured Indian Pilot.
India in the beginning denied that any air force articulation took place, then it changed its stance and claimed that a Pakistani F-16 fighter jet was also shot down but then it became apparent to the world that only two Indian fighter jets were shot down by the Pakistan air force.
The Prime Minister of Pakistan Imran Khan did not want Pakistan India conflict and called India for dialogue rather than war. The captured Indian Pilot was also released as a peace gesture.
The Pakistan India conflict has been for decades. Kashmir being the focal point, has triggered many wars.
The first Pakistan India war began in 1948 when Pakistan was already struggling to keep its economy steady and the country from collapsing. The next Pakistan India war took place in the year 1965 after Pakistan’s Operation Gibraltar. The war went on for four weeks and resulted in thousands of causalities at either side if the border. The war ended after the intervention of the United Nations and ceasefire was put into place. The war of 1965 was followed by the Tashkent declaration.
Pakistan was broken into half after the war of 1971. East Pakistan separated itself from West Pakistan and became Bangladesh. India poured fuel over the fire and made the entire situation worse for all parties involved. The Indian attacks destroyed a significant portion of the naval forces of Pakistan and on the other hand there was no Indian Ship lost. Over 90,000 Pakistani soldiers surrendered after 13 days of invasion into East Pakistan and that led to the end of the war and East Pakistan became an independent nation, Bangladesh.
The next Pakistan India war between the two nations occurred in 1999 and is known as The Kargil war. The war was fought in the freezing terrain of Siachin.
The Pakistan India conflict will not end until the Kashmir issue has been taken care off. After the British left India, Kashmir was a free state and it had the option to either remain with India or join Pakistan. Kashmir was a Muslim majority state which wanted to join Pakistan but it was ruled by a Maharaja that wanted to join India.
The Hindu Maharaja signed a declaration and chose to join India which caused chaos among the people of Kashmir. The Kashmir Issue is actually one of the oldest issues that are still pending in the United Nations. Pakistan and India both took the Kashmir issue to the United Nations soon after independence.
India blames Pakistan for all the terrorist activities that occur in India such as the 2008 Mumbai attack, in which a hotel in Mumbai was blown up by an Islamic terrorist group. Lashkar-e-Taiba which is a terrorist group conducted bombing and shooting attacks that lasted for four days all across Mumbai. India claimed that Pakistan has something to do with it, while Pakistan asked for evidence and denied any responsibility. At the very least 174 people lost their lives and more than 300 souls were injured. A trial against the attackers was conducted in Pakistan. The entire process was rejected on the basis of lack of evidence.
Pakistan has claimed to stop and put a stop to any terrorist groups in its territory but denies that Jaish e Muhammad is active in Pakistan. The Prime minister of India on the other hand has a separate agenda, the Indian elections are coming up and he wants his strong leader image to be as powerful as possible. He wants India to see him as leader that will protect them from all enemies and an anti-Pakistan or an anti-Muslim rhetoric has allowed him to win many times before.
Pakistan has called for dialogue time and again as a war between two atomic powers will lead to everything but peace. Both the countries should put their best foot forwards and make sure that they provide their future generations with a safe and healthy place to live.